Notice these interesting things:
- It has 20 Faces
- Each face is an Equilateral Triangle
- It has 30 Edges
- It has 12 Vertices (corner points)
- and at each vertex 5 edges meet
- It is one of the Platonic Solids
Volume and Surface Area
Volume = 5×(3+√5)/12 × (Edge Length)^3
Surface Area = 5×√3 × (Edge Length)^2
It is called an icosahedron because it is a polyhedron that has 20 faces (from Greek icosa- meaning 20)
When we have more than one icosahedron they are called icosahedra
When we say "icosahedron" we often mean "regular icosahedron" (in other words all faces are the same size and shape), but it doesn't have to be - this is also an icosahedron, even though all faces are not the same.
20-Sided Dice? Yes! An icosahedron that has 20 equal faces has an equal chance of landing on any face.
In fact, you can make fair dice out of all of the Platonic Solids.
The outer shell of this virus (the Human papilloma virus) is like an icosahedron.